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Journal of Obstrectic Anaesthesia and Critical Care
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-83

Long-term psychosocial behavioral outcomes in children following anesthesia: A comparison of the effects of general versus regional anesthesia on term infants delivered by elective cesarean section

1 Department of Pediatrics, Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon
2 Department of Pediatrics, Saint George University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon
3 Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Jeanne de Flandre Hospital, Lille, France
4 Department of Perinatal Medicine, Jeanne de Flandre Hospital, Lille, France
5 Maternofetal Unit, Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon
6 Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Aouni Alameddine
Department of Pediatrics, Makassed General Hospital, Ouzai Street, Beirut
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Source of Support: The education committee of our hospital supported the survey by means of an educational grant, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2249-4472.123300

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Background: Data on the effects of general anesthesia on the fetal and neonatal brain are limited. Animal studies demonstrated that anesthetic agents leave their consequences in the form of learning and memory deficits. The effects of propofol on the fetal neurodevelopment are not clear yet. Materials and Methods: This is a telephone-based questionnaire survey that addressed the effect of general anesthesia by propofol during cesarean section at term with no perinatal complications on the psychosocial behavior of children at 8-10 years of age compared with children having same characteristics except for delivery under neuraxial anesthesia using the Pediatric Symptom Checklist as a score. Results: A total of 187 children were born at term between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004 with no perinatal distress under induction of general anesthesia by propofol. 66 children (35.3%) were lost to follow-up and parents of two children (1.1%) refused to participate. A total of 189 children were included in the study: 119 were born by cesarean section under general anesthesia and 70 were born by cesarean section under neuraxial block. The incidence of psychosocial behavior impairment at 8-10 years of age was not found to be affected by the mode of anesthesia during delivery by cesarean section nor by neonatal nor parental characteristics. Conclusion: Exposure to propofol as an induction agent for general anesthesia or cesarean section does not seem to increase the psychosocial behavior disorder development risk at 8-10 years of age.

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